It is a nutritious crop that cures diseases such as diabetes, gastritis and urinary stones.
Although there are no varieties recommended by the Department of Agriculture, many locally grown varieties are popular among farmers.
Climatic requirements/ Areas suitable for cultivation
It is a crop that prefers tropical climates. The crop grows successfully in the range of temperature 300 – 350 C . The crop can be grown up to 1000 m above sea level. It is a crop that can be grown year round.
It can be grown with a wide range of soil types and is best suited for well drained soils containing more organic matter. The pH value of the soil range between5.5 – 7.5.
500g of seeds is sufficient for one hectare of land. One gram of seeds contains 90 – 100 seeds
Inter row spacing and the intra row spacing is 1.0m
Land preparation and Planting
Plough the soil to a depth of 20-30 cm and crush the larger particles to a slightly rougher texture. The planting holes are prepared as 30cm3 (length, width and depth) and the holes are filled with a large amount of decomposed organic matter and mixed with the topsoil. It is filled up to a 10 cm height. Plant about 3-4 seeds in prepared pits. At 2 weeks of emerging, remove weak seedlings allowing two healthy seedlings to grow
Year around cultivation
Time of application
Top dressing (04 weeks after emergence of seedlings)
Top dressing (08 weeks after emergence of seedlings)
Note 1: It is better to apply phosphorus and potassium as basic fertilizers after a soil test.
It is necessary to irrigate daily until the seeds germinate. Watering every 3-4 days is sufficient depending on the requirement and climatic conditions. Unnecessary irrigation can cause vines and seed rotting.
It is important to control weeds in the early stages of the crop. Mulching also control weeds.
Melon fly, Aulacophora beetle, Epilachna beetle, aphid, white fly
Apply recommended pesticides, maintain field sanitation
Powdery mildew, Downy mildew, soft rot disease
Apply recommended fungicides, maintain field sanitation
When the fruit is well matured, harvest while cutting the stalk with a sharp knife.
25,000 – 30,000 Kgs per hectare..