HORDI Crop – Beet Root

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Beet

Beta vulgaris

Beet is belong to Chenopodiaceae family. It can be grown well in all the -ecological zones

Released Varieties

Climate requirements/ Areas suitable for cultivation

Beet are grown well in cool temperature of up country area. It can be grown well in all the agro-ecological zones.

Soil

It requires well drain soil with adequate amount of organic matter. Optimum soil pH range is 6.3- 7.3

Seed requirement

5-6 kg seeds /ha

Nursery Management

Add well decomposed organic manure to the raised beds. It is important to sterilization of the soil using fungicide, solar or burning paddy straws. Seeds are established in 10 cm apart rows.

Land preparation

Plough the land up to depth 30 cm and prepare the raise bed with 1 m width and 20 cm height

Planting

Seedlings are transplanted after 4-6 weeks.

Spacing

30 x 10 cm

Fertilizer

Organic manure requirement is 10 t/ha.

Time of application

Urea  kg/ha

TSP kg/ha

MOP  kg/ha

Basal fertilizer

165

270

125

Top dressing (3 weeks after planting)

165

125

Water supply

Light, frequent irrigation is required especially at root elongation stage. Normally irrigate 3-4 day interval.

Weed Control

Manually control the weeds 2 weeks after transplants. Remove the weed before apply top dressing. Weeds are control with the intercultural operations as well.

Pest Management

Become serious pest during the dry period

Damage symptoms

Adult punchers leave for both feeding and oviposition. This may cause a spotted appearance on foliage. Larvae make irregular mine and result drying and withering of leaves. Damage plants succumb to secondary infections.

Management

  • Regular field inspection
  • Yellow colour sticky trap
  • Covering crops with suitable material prevent mitigating flies
  • Removal of other host plants surrounds the crop field
  • Removal and distraction of infected plant material
  • Augment ecto-parasitoid Diglyphus isaea
  • Encourage naturally found   parasitoids Hemiptarsenus semibiclavas and Opius spp

Chemical control

  • Azadiractin 1% EC at the rate of 16ml/16 l of water
  • Abamectin 18g/l EC at the rate of 9.6 ml/16 l of water
  • Neem seed water extract at the rate of 640g/16 l of water

Damage symptoms

Habitually they are nocturnal. Early instars make round holes in leaves. Later, the shoots are damaged close to the ground, often cut the whole plant at the base. Cut several plants in a single night and pulling the plant stem belowground.  Cut plants show wilting during day time. Formed unsightly holes in the tubers

Management

  • Regular monitoring
  • Hand collecting and destroying
  • Weed management
  • Proper field sanitation
  • Plough the soil deeply to bring the larvae and pupa to the surface of the soil
  • Encourage predatory birds to preying the worms during tillage operation

Chemical control

  • Profenophos 500 g/l EC at the rate of 32 ml per 16 l of water
  • Etofenprox 100g/l EC at the rate of 24 ml per 16 l of water

Disease Management

  • Use of disease free seeds
  • Use sprinklers for watering
  • Crop rotation
  • Field sanitation
  • Weed control
  • Planting in proper spacing
  • Hot water treatment for seeds
  • Recommended fungicides – Mancozeb, Maneb, Carbendazim, Chlorothalonil

Harvesting

Crop cab be harvest 75- 90 days after transplanting.

Yield

12-20 t/ha