The main aim of the Entomology Division is to develop environmentally friendly economically viable pest management technologies for insect pests, mites and plant parasitic nematodes in rice. Inaddition, the Division is responsible to conduct research on newly emerging pests, pest out breaks,farmer surveys related to pest management, pest surveillance, pest bio types and insecticide resistance management. Sporadic outbreaks of some rice pests such as white-backed plant hopper (Sogatella furcifera), ear cutting caterpillar (Mythimna separata), cut-worm (Spodoptera spp) and frequent outbreak of brown plant hopper (Nilaparvata lugens) have been reported in the recent past from major rice growing areas of the country. It indicates the effect of global climatic changes on pest aggravation demanding concerted attention from research and development for concerted solutions. Therefore, the researchers in the Division is paying more attention on development activities such as inspection of field problems, conduct awareness programs for farmers and other interesting groups on pest issues and remedial measures to manage.