These issues are leading to accelerated soil erosion, declining soil fertility, salinization and retardation of water availability for agriculture and deterioration of soil and water. Therefore, development of technologies targeting judicial utilization while conserving natural resources, particularly land and water resources are a vital task. The NRMC conduct research and development programs covering several disciplines. Research thrust areas of the centre are soil conservation and watershed management, land suitability evaluation, agro-meteorology and climate change, geo-informatics and remote sensing, productivity enhancement, soil and water quality assessments and on-farm water management. Main development programs include implementation of the Soil Conservation Act, maintenance of the agro-meteorological observation network of the country, technology dissemination, provision of technical assistance and services in environmental impact assessment of various development projects.
The Natural Resources Management Centre (NRMC) was established in 1974, as the Land and Water Management Research Centre (LWMRC) in the Department of Agriculture and played a vital role in soil and water management and its outputs were well utilized in the country’s agricultural development activities during 70s. Later in 1974, the activities and the responsibilities were broadened with the amalgamation of the Soil Conservation Division of the DOA. In 1994, with the re-structuring of the Department of Agriculture, the LWMRC was renamed as Natural Resources Management Centre. Since then, the NRMC is not only involved in research on natural resource management, but also entrusted the responsibility of technology dissemination and providing technical assistance for land and water resource development in agriculture and implementation of Soil Conservation Act. Land use changes, increasing population and climate change extremes are exerting additional pressure on limited resources by rapid degradation of natural resources affecting productivity. Therefore assess the present situation with modern tools and develop and disseminate new technologies to address the prevailing issues are utmost important for nation food security.
Development of technologies targeting judicial utilization while conserving the natural resources, particularly land and water resources are a vital task and NRMC conduct research & development activities covering several disciplines through five divisions.