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Rice-the staple food-Land Preperation

Land Preparation

  • Initial and most important step in rice crop establishment.
  • Aims the physical development of edaphic environment to achieve an optimum plant growth after the seed or seedling establishment.
  • This facilitates:
    • enhanced root growth
    • mixing of soil layers thereby, increasing availability of residual fertilizer
    • weed management
    • improvement of soil by increasing organic matter content
    • reduction of percolation losses of water and nutrients
    • management of some pests and diseases by disrupting the life stages living/ survived in soil