Agro Technology Park Gannoruwa is one of the finest of its kind in Sri Lanka maintain by the department of Agriculture. In the tropical climate of Kandy, the gateway to the central highlands, the park is bounded on three sides by a loop of river Mahaweli at Gannoruwa. Where there are majority of agricultural related institutions are located. The total area is 2km2. The mean elevation above sea level is about 1550 ft (473m). Since the working committee of the park consists of representatives from following units, this place is ideal for efficient management.
- Audio Visual centre of the department of Agriculture-The administrator of the park
- Head office of the DOA, Horticulture Research and Development Institute, Plant Genetic Resources Centre, Food Technology Research Unit, In-service Training Institute, Seed Certification Service, Plant Protection Service, Office of the Registrar of Pesticides, and Royal Botanic Gardens
- Head office of Department of Export Agriculture (DEA) in Peradeniya and the DEA research station, training centre and sales centre in Matale (15 miles from Peradeniya).
- Head office of Animal Production and Health, Research Station, Veterinary Research Institute and Central Training Centre of the Department of Animal Production and Health (AP & H).
- Faculty of Agriculture and Post Graduate Institute of Agriculture of the University of Peradeniya.
Effort were made to establish a agro technology park in the agriculture department premises, first by the Dr. Rohan Wijekoon at Audio Visual Centre, Gannoruwa in 2004. Initially basic crops were grown here, then the scope was expanded, however to include all agricultural related activities to this park.
From the beginning, the orientation of the park remained so strongly focused on the quick information dissemination mechanism for farmers, School children and General public. Also it is place to see and learn latest recommendations of crop cultivation and technologies generated by both public (government departments and universities) and private institutions. It gives not only education & training mechanism but also aesthetically beautiful edible landscaping with tropical crops.
A signboard at the entrance, with a map, feature a numbered circuit from 1-36. The corresponding numbers are placed at strategic points on the route. 2km2 park, where you can easily stroll around a whole day, are stuffed with a bewildering variety of local & newly improved plant species. Varieties and technologies recommended by the Department of Agriculture for all crops are demonstrated in the field in an aesthetically pleasing manner.
Areas were demarcated for paddy, vegetable, fruits, root crops, dry zone crops (other field crops) and floriculture. Instructors of each section provide necessary information for viewers. Self - explanatory instructional display boards were provided for each demonstration. The relevant research officer's/agricultural officer's name, address, telephone, fax email etc. was written on each display board for further clarification of the demonstration. In addition, important information/highlights of each demonstration were presented in a printed folder and sold for a nominal fee in each section of the garden.
Main sections and presentations
Vegetable garden located at the entrance of the A park. All types of vegetables (up country, low country as well as mid country vegetables) are cultivated in this garden. Almost all recommended as well as research level varieties can be seen in here. Field level demonstration of all cultural practices, soil less culture or hydroponics and micro irrigation are being done in this section.
Roots and Tuber crops
Plant genetic resources
Almost all type of wild varieties as well as other newly improved varieties of plants genes collection stored in Plant Genetic Resources Centre, Gannoruwa.
Newly improved micro irrigation systems, protected agriculture methods etc can be seen in this section. Practical knowledge of this above systems and specimens can be experienced out of this.
Almost all the fruits cultivated in Sri Lanka can be seen in the fruit garden. Because it is important specially for school children to identify rear species. In each fruits have their own cultural practices. All these cultural practices can be experience in this section.
Environmental friendly integrated farming (organic farming)
Gliricidia Plantation for dendro power
In this section demonstrate the dendro power generation from the Gliricidia.
Also this section gives the rules and regulations regarding the seeds and planting materials.
Crop Wild Relatives
Leafy vegetable garden
Dry zone crops (other field crops)
This section gives the practical knowledge of plant propagation. It shows the basics of nursery management.
Tissue culture division
Indigenous food technology
Food technology section gives regular demonstrations of production and preservative methods of various types of local food items. Prospective entrepreneurs will get information of processing methodology, their post-processing handling procedure, shelf life and expiry date, bacteriological sanitation and information of mass balance in processing.
A mini fruit canning/bottling unit also established.
Organic agriculture research (under construction)
- Rice varietal development in Sri Lanka (traditional, introduction, old improved, New improved, hybrids)
- Steps in rice variety development, and how to release a variety for general cultivation (hybridization, selection, yield trials, CRVT, VAT/DUST, LSVAT, commercial variety).
- Small plot demonstration for popular rice varieties (3, 3, 4-4, 5-6 age classes)
- Different growth stages- Nursery- Planting-Vegetative-Reproductive- Harvesting (crop will be arranged to be seen year around).
- A demonstration to show factors contributing to high yielding (proper land preparation, quality seeds, time of cultivation, use of fertilizer, pest and disease management).
- Correct diagnosis of field problems (pest and diseases, deficiency systems).
- Identification of common rice weeds and control methods.
- Development of hybrid rice technology.
- Grain quality and post harvest technology
Science of the threshing (under construction)
Indigenous fish culture demonstration (under construction)
Demonstration of traditional tank (wawa) culture
Soil Profile and soil science
All aspects of soil can be seen with in this section. Also we can experience some rock types within this section.
Soil conservation and sacred tree
Export agriculture crops-spice garden
Plant quarantine unit
Modern home garden
Entrepreneurs Sales (Sale Centre for Traditional Food)
DOA Sales Centre
DOA sales centre established close to the main road, so that people who visit the garden can buy anything they want, on the way back to home. Even people who don't visit the park can also buy farm fresh agricultural products without entering the park.
Under-utilized Fruit Garden
A collection of medicinal plants can be seen in this garden. Gamgoda
Chena farming has become a non-sustainable system of agriculture in Sri Lanka with the increase of population pressure on land. Therefore, research attention concentrated to develop and introduce a new system of farming system namely stabilized chena as an alternative for traditional chena. On farm and off farm soil conservation, water harvesting, water conservation methods, land preparation methods, planting methods are demonstrated in this area.
Indigenous rice garden
Traditional rice cultivation with all traditional rice varieties are exhibited. Indigenous pest control methods also will be demonstrated in the future