SOIL CONSERVATION (REGULATORY)

Conservation of soil resources through legal means

  • Implementation of the provisions of the Soil Conservation Act on behalf of the Director General of Agriculture
  • Coordination of institutes, organizations for implementation of soil conservation activities
  • Technical guidance and creation of awareness among stakeholders
  • Keeping vigilance on violators of regulations of the SC Act in collaboration with Central, Regional and Provincial Institutes / Organizations
  • Identification of violators of soil conservation act for litigation
  • Issue of directives according to regulations and carrying out of follow-up actions
  • Improvement of legal documents, namely the Soil Conservation Act, Orders and regulation
  • Awareness creation on Soil Conservation Act
  • Environmental assessments, evaluation and monitoring of development projects implemented through Central Environmental Authority and the Ministry of Agriculture

 Soil Surveying and Land Evaluation:

Characterization and mapping of soil resources for efficient land utilization

  • On demand basis inventorization & mapping of soil resources through conducting project based soil surveys
  • Evaluation of land suitability for agricultural activities and preparation of land suitability maps
  • Technical assistance for land use planning and land development
  • Awareness creation on land evaluation and land use planning

 Environmental health / protection:

Minimize adverse impacts of agricultural activities on land resources

  • Monitoring and assessment of soil and water quality deterioration in agricultural ecosystems and identifying contributory factors for mitigation.
  • Monitoring qualitative aspects of water resources and providing required mitigatory measures
  • Assessing soil fertility status of major crop growing environments to sustain ecosystem health
  • Research / development / awareness creation on mitigation of soil and water deterioration in agricultural ecosystems

 SOIL CONSERVATION (TECHNICAL)

Technological Development in Soil Conservation and its effective dissemination

  • Generation of technologies / improving existing technologies for controlling soil erosion and other forms of land degradation
  • Conducting status review surveys, soil erosion prediction and soil erosion assessment
  • Soil database development for different farming systems on land restoration
  • Technical assistance for watershed based land development activities
  • Demonstration and dissemination of generated technologies in all aspects of land degradation in farmlands by designing soil conservation plans, demarcation of soil conservation measures on farming lands, monitoring and evaluation of soil conservation activities .
  • Update the knowledge-base / capacity of technical officers and farmer groups in sustainable resource use through awareness programs

 WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Enhancing water use efficiency in both rainfed and irrigated systems

  • Development of land management technologies for Green Water resources enhancement
  • Development of rainwater harvesting techniques in rainfed systems
  • In-situ water conservation and improvements of on-farm irrigation methods to enhance water productivity
  • Generation of regional specific information on sustainable use of shallow ground water
  • Increasing the efficacy of the conjunctive use of shallow ground water in dry zone farming systems
  • Drainage management techniques for controlling soil salinity buildups in command areas under minor and major irrigation schemes

 AGRO-CLIMATOLOGY:

Harness the potential of agro-climate for enhancing agricultural production while reducing the vulnerability to climate change

  • Expansion of Agro-meteorological observation network of DOA & maintenance of national agro-met database
  • Refining the understanding of agro-ecological environments, and identification of their potentials and limitations
  • Further investigation of the science of climate change and formulation of climate smart land & crop management technologies
  • Supply of agro-met data and information for interested stakeholder groups
  • Annual compilation of climate related data and information
  • Issue of seasonal climate forecasts in consultation with the Meteorology Department
  • Agro-met advisory services based on weather forecasts issued by the Meteorology Department and other organizations
  • Create awareness on weather, climate, climate change and agro-ecology

 GIS and Remote Sensing

Generate guiding information for systematic utilization of resources through GIS and remote sensing

  • Development and maintenance of national, provincial, district and local spatial databases on land and water resources
  • Development of planning tools and aids to optimize resource utilization management at national, provincial and local scales
  • Identification of spatial relationships and trends in geographical data for integrated land and water resources management
  • Forecasting agricultural production through application of remote sensing
  • Awareness creation on the application of geo-information and remote sensing for agriculture
  • Crop suitability / land evaluation assessments through geo-spatial investigations
  • Integration of spatial and non-spatial data for decision making in agricultural development by amalgamation of GIS and Information technology